Electrical Engineers: Job Description

Electrical engineers specialize in electrical systems and their components and are largely responsible for generation, transmission or distribution of electric supply.  As an electrical engineer, one might also be required to design equipment that will aid manufacturing, transportation, construction and other such industries. This makes it a pre-requisite for electrical engineers to have project management skills.

Electrical engineers are usually a part of larger teams that are aiming to design and develop or improve a product or a service. Other team members are usually from other disciplines and it is necessary that the engineer grasps their suggestions and inculcates the solutions to issues in the product design. Addressing issues across different disciplines requires the ability to multitask and take decisions.  Also, the product under development must be safe, reliable and as economical as possible. Usually, post the design stage, the engineer is also required to assist in manufacture, testing and then training employees to use the product.

An electrical engineer can work across different areas of the industry such as manufacturing, power generation and distribution, instrumentation, power electronics, control engineering etc.  in sectors such as transportation, telecommunication and even defence. Irrespective of the nature of the industry, the basic job description of the electrical engineer remains the same. S/He must be technically competent to design the client desires, be responsible for the project from design to completion, be able to suggest and implement measures of cost reduction, co-ordinate meetings of designers and clients, design and conduct tests to check the functioning of the product, interpret test data, make required modifications to the product and test it again, if required.  Once, the system is in place, the electrical engineer also maintains and services the equipment and monitors it for further improvements of the product.

As a result of the competition in the recruitment industry, a Bachelor’s degree is usually not the only criterion for recruiting an electrical engineer. Usually, companies offering good salaries, expect the candidate to have 5-10 years of working experience in the field along with people and project skills. Certain recruiters even prefer candidates who have some experience in programming and can write basic code in Perl, Python and other such programming languages.  It never hurts to learn to a programming language in this time and age. Electrical engineers are a global requirement and for the right candidate the opportunities are unlimited.

Production Engineer- Roles and Responsibilities

With the growing number of industries and manufacturing units across the globe, there is an impending need for professionals to fit into the roles of Production Engineer and assume responsibilities of production management. The role of a production engineer is not restricted to one area in the industry but rather blends in at each and every step of product manufacturing.

Production Engineering is a discipline of engineering which combines mechanical knowledge, designing and manufacturing aspects of the production. The product could be a washing machine or a television set, a digital camera or even a sports car, a production engineer is a must for the smooth transition from a prototype to a manufactured product. With a large number of products being made available in our markets today, there is a huge demand for those who possess these skills to look into different domains of an industrial set up.

A production engineer is responsible across different areas in a factory setup. S/He looks into the design of the product, wherein the quality as well as the feasibility of the product is assessed. Once the product is finalized and brought in for manufacturing, the product engineer becomes in charge of overseeing the job of the manufacturing department.

Basically, a production engineer interphases between the development of the prototype and the actual manufacturing of the finished good. This post offers a huge scope for shining in different steps of production and offers a challenging work environment.

Since, a production engineer is responsible for scaling up of production it is required of him to calculate yield and cost effectiveness of the manufacturing process. Other duties usually include timely improvement of production techniques, incorporating quality all along the manufacturing process and mitigating hurdles which arise during production. A production engineer must also be technically sound to help or guide technicians in event of a breakdown.

However, production management cannot involve just the technical skills. People skill is very important too, in production. Maintaining employee morale, conveying goals, tasks and training of employees requires good communication skills. Putting forth difficulties faced during production to higher level management in an amicable manner is not only important but also effective. A production engineer must also be aware of labor laws and be able to foresee potential risks when finalizing manufacturing process. Overall, a multi-disciplinary position, production engineering, needs a competent person with a wide array of skills.

Refrigeration Technician Job Description

Profile Defination

Refrigeration Technician basically does the job related to refrigeration unit of air conditioning units or cooling units in refrigerators. Typical duties includes maintaining refrigeration units, cooling system, identifying problems, servicing and taking necessary action like repair and replacement of Refrigeration unit and its parts.  Their task also includes suggesting solution to the various problems that can arise in Refrigeration units.

Essential functions

•         Providing new installation service, repairing the existing ones and replacing the tempered parts of Refrigeration units.

•         Inspecting various systems and its components like ventilation unit, cooling units, exhaust fans and other sections to ensure proper functioning of the device along with safety and identifying necessary repair and maintenance service.

•         Diagnose problem and failures in refrigeration systems the purpose of identifying system faults and damaged equipment that need repair or replacement.

•         Performing routine maintenance assigned for the purpose of ensuring proper functioning of refrigeration systems.

•         Cleaning the parts like coil, drain lines, cooling towers, condensation pans and other essential parts to ensure that unit operates properly.

•         Preparing technical documentation and record on various issues, material, logs time and specifications. This provides written support in compliance with conveying information.

•         Requesting parts and necessary equipments for the purpose of inventory maintenance to ensure the availability of required items and tools to complete the necessary installation and repair work.

•         Technicians also need to coordinate with administration and other trading staff to complete the ongoing project or work order efficiently.

•         They also have to report work progress to the supervisor in order to take appropriate and necessary action in case there are some issues or delay in work.

•         They also have to maintain tools and equipments to ensure the availability of necessary thing for safe operating conditions.

•         Transport various tools, equipments and supplies to the job site.

•         Performing other related duties assigned by the supervisor.

Essential qualification

Essential skills requirement includes the ability to perform single handedly the technical task and interest in upgrading the skills in order to meet the challenges in the field job. Specific skill required for satisfactory performance include practical exposure to operating tools and equipments used in installation, servicing, repair and maintenance of Refrigeration units. Technician should also have the knowledge to deal with hazardous material and should the capability to perform in unusual situations of field sites. They also need to maintain accurate record of planning, working logs and technical specifications.

Sound knowledge is required to perform basic arithmetic calculations, fractions, percents and ratio operation as it is required when dealing with maintenance work. They should also have knowledge to read the technical specification, compose variety of document and involve in technical group discussion to solve recently arisen technical issues.

Technician should also possess the ability to perform the task as per the defined and strict schedule to meet the deadline. They should also be capable of gathering, collating and classifying the data using various Refrigeration measuring equipments. They should be flexible to work under variety of circumstances with different approach and techniques as based on the site requirement.

Typical responsibilities include working under supervision and making use of standard practices, protocols, method, leading and guidelines. It is also required for them to coordinate with other departments for various purposes like budget expenditures, deadlines and for other technical support. Generally the job required the technicians to make field visitors, standing and walking in the site to monitor the work. The also required to work under minimal temperature variations and in some hazardous conditions.

Essential education requirement is to have any combination of equivalent high school diploma supported by approved apprenticeship under authorized and reputed Refrigeration firm or unit. Technician should hold at least 2-3 years of experience in the repair and maintenance work of heavy and light Refrigeration equipments. They should also have training certification for accredited training institute.

Machine Operator Job Description

Machine Operator

The switches on the lamp, the knobs on the electric gas, oven, and the key on the computer, the nuts and the hardware that holds everything together are all made up by machines and to operate, fix, enhance those useful machines we need operators. Machine operator is the technical person who holds command and operates on various types of machines. A Machine operator may be a factory worker who plays a vital role in the production of millions of goods.

They are in-charge of safety and efficient use of manufacturing units like lathes, milling machine and grinders that creates the millions of consumer products and goods. Typically there are two types of machine operators: tenders and setters. This classification is created by U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Tenders basically run and monitor the machine while it is in the working mode, they also inspect the machine periodically throughout the various shifts and do adjustments in the machine speed and load material in the machine. Tenders are also responsible for quality control by comparing the product that machine produces with the actual blueprint of the design. In case the machine is producing even a minor error, it’s the responsibility of tender machine operator to pull off the machine from active work and correct the error.

Setters on the other hand are responsible for preparing the machine for operation by equipping the machine with all appropriate tools and ensuring that tools work effectively and in good working condition.

Additionally machine operators are also categorized based on the machines they operate, eg they may be called as lathe operator, drill machine operator, press or printing machine operator. According to the career information stated by various universities and industries, machine operator conduct basic operations on machines for the production of goods.

Typical duties to be performed by machine operators

•         Their duties comprises of setting up the machine and operating metal fabricating machines to perform task like rolls, shears, press, cutting, bending, straightening, brakes, providing structural shapes to the metal plates according to the design blueprints.

•         Their task also includes reading and understanding the blueprints, design & engineering specifications and orders to determine the machine mode, product methods, techniques and sequence of operations to be performed.

•          Selecting right position, secures dies, blades, templates, squares shims, right gauges and tools are also the part of operations to be done by machine operators.

•         Adjusting controls, fixing even a small error in the machine, position and clamping stops, adjusting rolls, regulating machining factors, pressure, depth of ram stroke and machine speed are all part of task.

•         Making alignments according to layout marks, cutting blades manually or using hoist, positioning  the work piece according to start and stop.

•          Start machine and keep a close eye on the job produced by the machine, changing dies, adjusting machine parameters for different jobs and in successive phases are all part of typical duties to be performed by machine operators.

Minimum qualification

Machine operator should be a high school diploma graduate or should have equivalent job experience as a machine operator, setters or tenders. They should have knowledge to study and understand the blueprints of design to operate independently. Should have solid math background including algebra, trigonometry, geometry and basics of statistics.  Machine operator normally learn thing by observing and assisting experienced senior officers, so it is required that operators should have certification of training on various machine or should have experience gained during apprenticeships.

Working hours, remuneration and benefits

Typical working hours range from 35 to 40 hours a week, with weekend off. They can work in shifts of morning or in evening. Overtime will be given if operator works more than his normal working hours. Salary depends upon the type of machine on which operators work and kind of job he does. An average salary varies based on the country of appointment and the experience levels. Workers also get other benefits like bonus when production and turnover is good, paid holidays, medical benefits that cover the family also and opportunity to earn premium pay.